Migrating to Canada

Document Requirements for Emigrating to Canada

As the second-largest country in the world, Canada is an attractive destination for many people seeking a new home. It offers a high standard of living, excellent healthcare, and a strong economy, among other benefits. However, emigrating to Canada is not a simple process. There are many document requirements that must be met before a person can move to Canada permanently. In this article, we will discuss the necessary document requirements for emigrating to Canada and how Idiomatic Canada can help you with the process.


Emigrating to Canada is a life-changing decision, and the process can be overwhelming. One of the most critical steps in the process is gathering and submitting the required documents. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on the document requirements for emigrating to Canada.

2. Eligibility for Emigrating to Canada

Before applying to emigrate to Canada, you must first determine if you are eligible. The eligibility criteria vary depending on the immigration program you are applying for, but generally, you must:

3. Language Proficiency Requirements

Canada is a bilingual country, with English and French being its official languages. Depending on the immigration program you are applying for, you may need to demonstrate proficiency in one or both of these languages. The most common language proficiency tests are the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) and the Test d'Évaluation de Français (TEF).

4. Educational Credential Assessment

If you completed your education outside of Canada, you must have your credentials assessed by a designated organization. This assessment will determine the Canadian equivalent of your education, which is necessary for immigration purposes.

5. Police Clearance Certificates

To emigrate to Canada, you must obtain a police clearance certificate from every country you have lived in for six months or more since the age of 18. This certificate must be less than six months old when you submit your application.

6. Medical Examination

All applicants for permanent residence must undergo a medical examination to ensure they are not a danger to public health. The examination must be done by a panel physician approved by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

7. Biometrics

Since 2018, most applicants for permanent residence to Canada must provide their biometrics, which includes fingerprints and a photograph. Biometrics are valid for ten years and must be submitted in person at a Visa Application Centre (VAC).

8. Job Offer

If you are applying through a program that requires a job offer, you must provide a valid job offer from a Canadian employer. The job offer must be in writing and include specific information about the position, such as salary, job duties, and location.

9. Proof of Funds

To emigrate to Canada, you must demonstrate that you have enough money to support yourself and your family. The amount of money required varies depending on the size of your of your family and the province or territory you plan to live in. You'll need to provide proof of funds to show that you have enough money to settle in Canada.

The proof of funds requirement is intended to ensure that new immigrants have the financial means to support themselves and their families during their first few months in Canada. The amount of money required is based on the number of family members immigrating with you. For example, if you're a single person, you'll need to show that you have at least CAD 12,960. If you're a couple, you'll need to show that you have at least CAD 16,135. If you're a family of four, you'll need to show that you have at least CAD 24,083.

You can demonstrate proof of funds in several ways. You can provide bank statements, proof of investments, or a letter from a financial institution stating that you have enough money to support yourself and your family. You can also provide a letter from an employer stating that you have a job waiting for you in Canada.

It's important to note that the funds you provide as proof of funds must be liquid. This means that they must be easily accessible and not tied up in assets such as real estate or retirement accounts. You'll also need to demonstrate that the funds are readily available and can be transferred to Canada.


To immigrate to Canada, you'll need to provide police certificates from all countries where you've lived for six months or more since the age of 18. Police certificates are also required for any accompanying family members over the age of 18.

The purpose of police certificates is to demonstrate that you have a clean criminal record and are not a security risk to Canada. You'll need to provide a certified copy of the police certificate, and it must be dated within six months of your application.

If you're unable to obtain a police certificate from a particular country, you'll need to provide a written explanation and any other documents that may be available. In some cases, a police certificate may not be obtainable due to political or security reasons.


To immigrate to Canada, you'll need to undergo a medical exam to demonstrate that you're in good health and don't have any conditions that could be a danger to public health. The medical exam must be conducted by a doctor approved by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

You'll need to provide proof of your medical exam when you submit your application. The medical exam must be completed within 12 months of your application date.


As part of the immigration process, you'll need to provide biometric information, which includes your fingerprints and a photo. Biometric information is used to verify your identity and protect the safety and security of Canadians.

You can provide your biometric information at a designated Service Canada location or at a Visa Application Centre (VAC) if you're applying from outside Canada.

13. additional documents

Depending on your specific situation, you may be required to provide additional documents. For example, if you're applying for a work permit, you may need to provide a job offer letter from a Canadian employer. If you're applying for a study permit, you may need to provide proof of enrollment in a Canadian educational institution.


Submitting complete and accurate documents is crucial to the success of your immigration application. Incomplete or inaccurate documents can result in delays or even the rejection of your application.

It's important to carefully review the document checklist provided by IRCC and It is important to note that the Canadian immigration process is highly competitive, with many applicants vying for limited spots. This means that any mistakes or omissions in your application can be the difference between approval and rejection. It is therefore essential to submit complete and accurate documents to avoid delays and increase your chances of success.

To ensure that your application is complete, double-check that you have provided all the required documents as outlined in your application package. Make sure that your documents are up-to-date and that they are translated into English or French, if necessary. Any discrepancies or inconsistencies in your application can raise red flags for immigration officers, so it is important to ensure that all the information provided is accurate.

In addition, keep in mind that the immigration process can be lengthy, and requirements may change over time. It is important to stay up-to-date with any changes to the immigration process or requirements and to make any necessary updates to your application as soon as possible.

Emigrating to Canada is an exciting opportunity for individuals and families looking for a better future. However, the process can be complex and time-consuming, with many requirements and documents to prepare. By understanding the document requirements and ensuring that you submit complete and accurate documents, you can increase your chances of success and achieve your Canadian dream.


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Do I need to take an English or French language test?

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